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The Threat of Trade-Based Money Laundering to the African Continental Free Trade Area

Africa has dedicated considerable effort to establishing a Continental Free Trade Area to facilitate intra-African trade and deepen economic integration.  However, the liberalisation and facilitation of trade on the continent would increase trade openness significantly in the markets for goods and services, thereby expanding the threat of trade-based money laundering (TBML) and undermining the potential benefits the agreement would bring to economic growth, industrialisation and sustainable development in Africa.  This paper focuses on the threat of TBML to the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), typically perpetrated through trade mis-invoicing as the main vehicle for illicit financial flows.

 

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