Challenges of Corruption and Organised Crime in the Western Balkans
In September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the Summit on Sustainable Development. The 2030 Agenda and, in particular, Goal 16 on Peace and Justice, expressed consensus, for the first time, that organised crime, corruption and other illicit activities were important components of the developmental process, and operated as impediments to the achievement of the accepted goals. The 2030 Agenda fully appreciates that peace cannot be secured without justice and development.
The following discussion of corruption and organised crime will focus on the Western Balkans, namely, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo.4 The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) published by Transparency International in 2016 suggests that the perceived level of corruption in the Western Balkan region is more or less at average level, with the majority of Balkan countries occupying ranks from 64 to 83 of the 176 countries surveyed. Kosovo, stands out with a ranking of 95.