CYBERCRIMINALS AND NIGERIAN CYBERCRIMES ACT 2015: CONCEPTUALISING COMPUTERS FOR CYBERCRIME JUSTICE, PP. 1 - 31
Cybercrime, being an act committed through the use of the computer either as a tool or target, makes the computer an indispensable tool for almost all cybercrimes. The increasing number of persons utilizing computers, the different purposes for which they are put, coupled with the intractable problems of defining what is and what is not a computer under the Nigerian Cybercrimes Act 2015 is central to the determination of guilt or otherwise of cybercriminals brought before the court for prosecution. The conceptualization of computers under the Nigerian Cybercrimes Act 2015 provides the trial judge with so much discretion and little or no guidance as to whether a particular device is, or is not a computer.
TANZANIA’S POST-INDEPENDENCE ANTI-CORRUPTION EFFORTS: EXAMINING THE PREVENTION AND COMBATTING OF CORRUPTION BUREAU’S (PCCB) ROLE DURING MAGUFULI’S REGIME, PP. 32 - 57
During the five years of John Magufuli’s presidency, Tanzania’s anti-corruption efforts yielded significant improvements. This improved performance was associated mainly with the President’s personal anti-corruption stance. Institutions entrusted with fighting corruption, particularly the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB), appear to be performing their functions based on the attitude of the incumbent President towards the problem. This creates a risk of personalising anti-corruption instead of institutionalising it. Unfortunately, President Magufuli passed away in March 2021 and the sustainability of his anti-corruption approach is now in question.
AN EVALUATION OF THE ADEQUACY OF THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD CONCERNING ECONOMIC CRIMES IN ARMED CONFLICT, PP. 58 - 79
Statistics indicate that at least one in every four African children lives in a conflict zone. Six of the ten worst countries for children to grow up in, or live in, are in Africa: the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan. It is widely observed that economic crimes continue to disrupt the political, social and economic fabric of society. This is exacerbated where there is armed conflict and armed groups continue to use children as a tool to benefit them through illegal acts that lead to financial advantages. This narrative that has been evident in areas of conflict across Africa creates the need to interrogate the effect of economic crimes.
THE VIABILITY OF LIFESTYLE AUDITS AS AN EMERGING ANTI-CORRUPTION TOOL IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: CONCEPTS, ESSENTIALS AND PROSPECTS, PP. 80 - 117
Lifestyle audits are viable tools in the fight against corruption. Unfortunately, they have not been sufficiently developed or adopted despite their effectiveness in combatting corruption. For long, countries have deployed diverse anti-corruption strategies under various international, regional and national legal frameworks. Despite these efforts, corruption continues to permeate every sector of national economies, with debilitating effects on development goals and the well-being of populations. Most of the anti-corruption strategies adopted, focus on the integrity of the operational systems of public institutions on the one hand, and personal integrity of their public officials on the other. The prevalence of corruption in Kenya and other African countries signals that the measures adopted so far are insufficient.